Overview of vehicle classes


The mini van

A mini van refers to vehicles that are relatively small and are characterized by a good use of space. At the European Commission, the mini vans are divided into vehicle segment M.

Originally, the name Mini Van was used for vehicles in the area of ​​the MPV, and this name is still used frequently today. Today, the Mini Van is not only used by companies as a vehicle, but statistics of new registrations have shown that these vehicles are also popular with larger families.

The Mini Van vehicles are priced in the lower sector, which also explains their great popularity among users.

This is what distinguishes a mini van

The first characteristic of a mini van is the large amount of space used indoors, when you compare it with the comparatively small vehicle footprint. If you compare the Mini Van with a small car or a compact car, the height of the vehicle roof is very different. For this reason, the Mini Van is particularly popular with craft businesses or families with many children.

The interior can be compared to a small car. In the area of ​​security systems, the Mini Van has all the important systems.

Popular Mini Van vehicles:


The Greater Van

The large van is a vehicle that is equipped with five, seven and, in rare cases, nine seats. In the European Commission, like all other van vehicles, the vehicle belongs to the M segment. The large van is colloquially referred to as a van.

The large van is particularly popular with large families. The same applies to companies that are involved in passenger transport. The acquisition costs are in the middle range, which significantly increases the market situation and leads to relatively high sales figures.

The characteristics of a large van

Like all other vans, large-capacity vans are characterized by an increased interior height and a raised seating position. The elevated seating position is particularly suitable for children and older people. Furthermore, this type of van is characterized by the numerous seats, the rear seats can be easily and easily removed. This means you can achieve a much larger trunk in just a few steps. In addition, the interiors of the large vans are very variable.

In the meantime, the term van has become common for numerous vehicle types and the large van is put in a drawer with other vans.

Popular vehicles in this class are:

  • VW Sharan,
  • Ford Galaxy
  • Lancia Voyager
  • Renault Espace
  • Mercedes-Benz R-Class


The off-road vehicle

The off-road vehicle is an automobile that was designed in such a way that difficult areas and off-road routes can be driven on. According to the European Commission, off-road vehicles belong to the J segment. This is characterized above all by its high level of robustness.

According to the latest statistics, only a few off-road vehicles are sold in Germany. This is mainly due to the high purchase prices, which are justified by sophisticated technology. Vehicles are much more popular in America, which leads to higher sales there.

The characteristics of the SUV

The off-road vehicles are primarily characterized by their box shape. This is not only simple, but also useful. Furthermore, some off-road vehicles have four-wheel drive, which enables them to drive through difficult terrain without getting stuck. Overall, all off-road vehicles are equipped with a powerful engine which, like the body, is usually very robust.

Popular off-road vehicles include:


The compact van

According to the European Commission, the compact van belongs to segment M, similar to the mini van. The M segment includes all vehicles that can be used in the multi-purpose area. The compact van is a vehicle that can be counted among the open-top vehicles, but has much smaller dimensions and fits in between the mini van and the open-top van.

The compact van is often used by companies and private individuals alike, because despite its low purchase costs, which are usually between EUR 10.000 and EUR 20.000, the vehicle has enough space.

The features by which you can recognize a compact van

The main feature of the compact van is the elevated seating position of the occupants. This is ensured by an increased vehicle height and has leveled off between 1,50 meters and 1,70 meters. The second row of seats in the vehicle often consists of individual seats that can be pushed together or removed entirely.

This results in a larger trunk volume, which in turn is an advantage and feature. The vehicles are available as seven-seaters and five-seaters. The engine is in the middle segment, which means that fuel consumption is still pleasant.

Popular representatives of the compact vans:


The pick-up

The pick-up is a special form of off-road vehicle and only occurs in Germany in a few cases. The main markets for these types of vehicles are in the United States. According to the European Commission, the pick-up has no name.

The pick-up vehicle is an off-road vehicle has a very market situation in Germany, because due to high maintenance costs, the vehicle is of no interest for families and even for companies. In America, this situation is much more relaxed and numerous families own such an automobile.

What distinguishes the pick-up?

Classic pick-ups consist of a light metal frame with a driver's cab screwed onto it. The pick-up is an off-road vehicle that has an enormous height and also has a loading area behind the driver's compartment. This vehicle is therefore a special form of the so-called platform truck.

The importance in Europe

In Europe, the pick-ups were built for a long time on the basis of car models, such as the VW Caddy. In the meantime, there are some pick-ups based on small vehicles. There are no classic models like those from the USA in Germany.

Popular pick-ups that are also available in Germany:



[= ””]And where are the other vehicle classes? The small and small cars, the compact class and all the others? Here, in the first part of the vehicle class overview


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